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Since the late 1980’s, nanotechnology has developed into a large research area that often interacts strongly with other disciplines such as, e.g., materials science, the life sciences and electronics. The subject nanotechnology and functional materials comprises the knowledge about how a material's structure on the sub-micron length scale - as well as the electrodynamic processes and interactions taking place on this length scale - affect the macroscopic functionality of the material. The subject encompasses both analysis and synthesis of nanotechnological materials structures. The analysis part mainly focuses on electrodynamic detection principles as well as surface- and bulk analysis. The synthesis part includes chemical, physical as well as biological manufacturing methods. In Uppsala the subject nanotechnology and functional materials is strongly connected to applications within pharmaceutics, biotechnology, and energy and environmental research. Hence, the materials in focus are polymers, various types of pharmaceutical excipients (solids and gels), drug molecules and other biologically active molecules, as well as solid materials like metals, metal-oxides and other types of ceramics. A strong coupling exists between basic research and advanced technological functions and applications.