Publications

  • Keller, Jan; Bilousov, Oleksandr; Wallin, Erik; Lundberg, Olle et al.

    Effect of Cu content on post‐sulfurization of Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 films and corresponding solar cell performance

    Part of Physica Status Solidi (a) applications and materials science, 2019.

  • Paneta, Valentina; Englund, Sven; Suvanam, Sethu Saveda; Scragg, Jonathan J. et al.

    Ion-beam based characterization of TiN back contact interlayers for CZTS(e), thin film solar cells

    Part of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B, p. 262-266, 2019.

  • Larsson, Fredrik; Keller, Jan; Primetzhofer, Daniel; Riekehr, Lars et al.

    Atomic layer deposition of amorphous tin-gallium oxide films

    Part of Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, 2019.

  • Ledinek, Dorothea; Keller, Jan; Hägglund, Carl; Chen, Wei-Chao et al.

    Effect of NaF pre-cursor on alumina and hafnia rear contact passivation layers in ultra-thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 156-164, 2019.

  • Aboulfadl, Hisham; Keller, Jan; Larsen, Jes K; Thuvander, Mattias et al.

    Microstructural Characterization of Sulfurization Effects in Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 Thin Film Solar Cells

    Part of Microscopy and Microanalysis, p. 532-538, 2019.

  • Teixeira, J. P.; Salome, P. M. P.; Alves, B.; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Evidence of Limiting Effects of Fluctuating Potentials on V-OC of Cu(In, Ga)Se-2 Thin-Film Solar Cells

    Part of Physical Review Applied, 2019.

  • Larsen, Jes K; Larsson, Fredrik; Törndahl, Tobias; Saini, Nishant et al.

    Cadmium Free Cu2ZnSnS4 Solar Cells with 9.7% Efficiency

    Part of Advanced Energy Material, 2019.

    Open access
  • Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Larsson, Fredrik; Törndahl, Tobias; Stolt, Lars et al.

    Secondary phase formation and surface modification from a high dose KF-post deposition treatment of (Ag,Cu)(In,Ga)Se-2 solar cell absorbers

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 220-228, 2019.

  • Bose, Sourav; Cunha, J. M. V.; Borme, J.; Chen, Wei-Chao et al.

    A morphological and electronic study of ultrathin rear passivated Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 77-84, 2019.

  • Igalson, M.; Maciaszek, M.; Macielak, K.; Czudek, A. et al.

    Concentration of defects responsible for persistent photoconductivity in Cu (In,Ga)Se-2: Dependence on material composition

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 600-604, 2019.

  • Englund, Sven; Grini, Sigbjorn; Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Paneta, Valentina et al.

    TiN Interlayers with Varied Thickness in Cu2ZnSnS(e)(4) Thin Film Solar Cells: Effect on Na Diffusion, Back Contact Stability, and Performance

    Part of Physica Status Solidi (a) applications and materials science, 2018.

  • Englund, Sven; Saini, Nishant; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte

    Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 from annealing of compound co-sputtered precursors: Recent results and open questions

    Part of Solar Energy, p. 84-93, 2018.

  • Zhang, Xiaoliang; Jia, Donglin; Hägglund, Carl; Öberg, Viktor A. et al.

    Highly photostable and efficient semitransparent quantum dot solar cells by using solution-phase ligand exchange

    Part of Nano Energy, p. 373-382, 2018.

  • Grini, Sigbjörn; Ross, Nils; Persson, Clas; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte et al.

    Low temperature incorporation of selenium in Cu2ZnSnS4: Diffusion and nucleation

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 159-163, 2018.

  • Rey, G.; Spindler, C.; Babbe, F.; Rachad, W. et al.

    Absorption Coefficient of a Semiconductor Thin Film from Photoluminescence

    Part of Physical Review Applied, 2018.

    Open access
  • Davydova, Alexandra; Rudisch, Katharina; Scragg, Jonathan J. S.

    The Single Phase Region in Cu2ZnSnS4 Thin Films from Theory and Combinatorial Experiments

    Part of Chemistry of Materials, p. 4624-4638, 2018.

  • Keller, Jan; Chen, Wei-Chao; Riekehr, Lars; Kubart, Tomas et al.

    Bifacial Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells using hydrogen‐doped In2O3 films as a transparent back contact

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 846-858, 2018.

  • Keller, Jan; Shariati, Masumeh-Nina; Aijaz, Asim; Riekehr, Lars et al.

    Using hydrogen‐doped In2O3 films as a transparent back contact in (Ag,Cu)(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 159-170, 2018.

    Open access
  • Cunha, J. M. V.; Fernandes, P. A.; Hultqvist, Adam; Teixeira, J. P. et al.

    Insulator Materials for Interface Passivation of Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 Thin Films

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 1313-1319, 2018.

    Open access
  • Suvanam, Sethu Saveda; Larsen, Jes K; Ross, Nils; Kosyak, Volodymyr et al.

    Extreme radiation hard thin film CZTSSe solar cell

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 16-20, 2018.

  • Ross, Nils; Grini, Sigbjorn; Rudisch, Katharina; Vines, Lasse et al.

    Selenium Inclusion in Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)(4) Solar Cell Absorber Precursors for Optimized Grain Growth

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 1132-1141, 2018.

    Open access
  • Larsson, Fredrik; Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Keller, Jan; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Atomic layer deposition of Zn(O,S) buffer layers for Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 solar cells with KF post-deposition treatment

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 8-15, 2018.

  • Davydova, Alexandra; Eriksson, Joakim; Chen, R; Rudisch, Katharina et al.

    Thio-olivine Mn2SiS4 thin films by reactive magnetron sputtering: Structural and optical properties with insights from first principles calculations

    Part of Materials & design, p. 110-118, 2018.

  • Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Thersleff, Thomas; Keller, Jan; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    Deep surface Cu depletion induced by K in high-efficiency Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cell absorbers

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 730-739, 2018.

    Open access
  • Ledinek, Dorothea; Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Sköld, Markus; Keller, Jan et al.

    Effect of different Na supply methods on thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells with Al2O3 rear passivation layers

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 160-169, 2018.

    Open access
  • Rudisch, Katharina; Davydova, Alexandra; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Scragg, Jonathan J.

    The effect of stoichiometry on Cu-Zn ordering kinetics in Cu2ZnSnS4 thin film

    Part of Journal of Applied Physics, 2018.

  • Ledinek, Dorothea; Salome, Pedro; Hägglund, Carl; Zimmermann, Uwe et al.

    Rear Contact Passivation for High Bandgap Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells With a Flat Ga profile

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 864-870, 2018.

  • Larsen, Jes K; Keller, Jan; Lundberg, Olle; Jarmar, Tobias et al.

    Sulfurization of Co-Evaporated Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 as a Postdeposition Treatment

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 604-610, 2018.

    Open access
  • Alberto, H. V.; Vilao, R. C.; Vieira, R. B. L.; Gil, J. M. et al.

    Slow-muon study of quaternary solar-cell materials: Single layers and p-n junctions

    Part of PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, 2018.

  • Salome, Pedro M. P.; Vermang, Bart; Ribeiro-Andrade, Rodrigo; Teixeira, Jennifer P. et al.

    Passivation of Interfaces in Thin Film Solar Cells: Understanding the Effects of a Nanostructured Rear Point Contact Layer

    Part of Advanced Materials Interfaces, 2018.

  • Keller, Jan; Chalvet, Francis; Joel, Jonathan; Aijaz, Asim et al.

    Effect of KF absorber treatment on the functionality of different transparent conductive oxide layers in CIGSe solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 13-23, 2018.

  • Ross, N.; Grini, S.; Vines, L.; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte

    Mixed sulfur and selenium annealing study of compound-sputtered bilayer Cu2ZnSnS4 / Cu2ZnSnSe4 precursors

    Part of 2017 IEEE 44Th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), p. 3269-3274, 2017.

  • Ledinek, Dorothea; Salome, Pedro; Hägglund, Carl; Edoff, Marika

    Rear contact passivation for high bandgap Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells with varying absorber thickness and flat Ga profile

    Part of 2017 IEEE 44th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), p. 796-801, 2017.

    Open access
  • Edoff, Marika; Jarmar, Tobias; Shariati Nilsson, Nina; Wallin, Erik et al.

    High Voc in (Cu,Ag)(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 1789-1794, 2017.

  • Zhang, Xiaoliang; Hägglund, Carl; Johansson, Malin B; Sveinbjörnsson, Kári et al.

    FTO-free top-illuminated colloidal quantum dot electro-optics in devices

    Part of Solar Energy, p. 533-542, 2017.

  • Hultqvist, Adam; Aitola, Kerttu; Sveinbjörnsson, Kári; Saki, Zahra et al.

    Atomic Layer Deposition of Electron Selective SnOx and ZnO Films on Mixed Halide Perovskite: Compatibility and Performance

    Part of ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, p. 29707-29716, 2017.

  • Platzer Björkman, Charlotte

    Kesterite compound semiconductors for thin film solar cells

    Part of CURRENT OPINION IN GREEN AND SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY, p. 84 84-90 90, 2017.

  • Larsson, Fredrik; Keller, Jan; Edoff, Marika; Törndahl, Tobias

    ALD of Zn(O,S) buffer layers in KF post-deposition treated CIGS solar cells

    2017.

  • Zhang, Jinbao; Hultqvist, Adam; Zhang, Tian; Jiang, Liangcong et al.

    Al2O3 Underlayer Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells.

    Part of ChemSusChem, p. 3810-3817, 2017.

  • Englund, Sven; Paneta, Valentina; Primetzhofer, Daniel; Ren, Yi et al.

    Characterization of TiN back contact interlayers with varied thickness for Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 thin film solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 91-97, 2017.

    Open access
  • Bilousov, Oleksandr V.; Ren, Yi; Törndahl, Tobias; Donzel-Gargand, Olivier et al.

    ALD of phase controlled tin monosulfide thin films

    2017.

    Open access
  • Hägglund, Carl

    Mot tunnare och bättre solceller

    2017.

  • Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Thersleff, T.; Keller, Jan; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    Cu-depleted patches induced by presence of K during growth of CIGS absorbers

    2017.

    Open access
  • Grini, Sigbjörn; Ross, Nils; Sky, Thomas Neset; Persson, Clas et al.

    Secondary ion mass spectrometry as a tool to study selenium gradient in Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4

    Part of Physica Status Solidi. C, Current topics in solid state physics, 2017.

  • Kosyak, Volodymyr; Postnikov, A. V.; Scragg, Jonathan J.; Scarpulla, M. A. et al.

    Calculation of point defect concentration in Cu2ZnSnS4: Insights into the high-temperature equilibrium and quenching

    Part of Journal of Applied Physics, 2017.

  • Larsson, Fredrik; Shariati, M. Nina; Keller, Jan; Frisk, Christopher et al.

    Record 1.0 V open-circuit voltage in wide band gap chalcopyrite solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 755-763, 2017.

  • Larsen, Jes K; Ren, Yi; Ross, Nils; Särhammar, Erik et al.

    Surface modification through air annealing Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 absorbers

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 118-121, 2017.

    Open access
  • Larsson, Fredrik; Keller, Jan; Edoff, Marika; Törndahl, Tobias

    Evaluation of different intrinsic ZnO and transparent conducting oxide layer combinations in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 235-238, 2017.

  • Abou-Ras, Daniel; Wagner, Sigurd; Stanbery, Bill J.; Schock, Hans-Werner et al.

    Innovation highway: Breakthrough milestones and key developments in chalcopyrite photovoltaics from a retrospective viewpoint

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 2-12, 2017.

  • Bras, Patrice; Frisk, Christopher; Tempez, Agnes; Niemi, Esko et al.

    Ga-grading and Solar Cell Capacitance Simulation of an industrial Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cell produced by an in-line vacuum, all-sputtering process

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 367-374, 2017.

  • Hinnemo, Malkolm; Zhao, Jie; Ahlberg, Patrik; Hägglund, Carl et al.

    On Monolayer Formation of Pyrenebutyric Acid on Graphene

    Part of Langmuir, p. 3588-3593, 2017.

  • Ren, Yi; Ross, Nils; Larsen, Jes K.; Rudisch, Katharina et al.

    Evolution of Cu2ZnSnS4 during Non-Equilibrium Annealing with Quasi-in Situ Monitoring of Sulfur Partial Pressure

    Part of Chemistry of Materials, p. 3713-3722, 2017.

  • van Duren, Stephan; Ren, Yi; Scragg, Jonathan; Just, Justus et al.

    In Situ Monitoring of Cu2ZnSnS4 Absorber Formation With Raman Spectroscopy During Mo/Cu2SnS3/ZnS Thin-Film Stack Annealing

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 906-912, 2017.

  • Salome, Pedro M. P.; Ribeiro-Andrade, Rodrigo; Teixeira, Jennifer P.; Keller, Jan et al.

    Cd and Cu Interdiffusion in Cu(In, Ga) Se-2/CdS Hetero-Interfaces

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 858-863, 2017.

  • Salome, Pedro M. P.; Teixeira, Jennifer P.; Keller, Jan; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    Influence of CdS and ZnSnO Buffer Layers on the Photoluminescence of Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 Thin Films

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 670-675, 2017.

  • Bilousov, Oleksandr V.; Ren, Yi; Törndahl, Tobias; Donzel-Gargand, Olivier et al.

    Atomic Layer Deposition of Cubic and Orthorhombic Phase Tin Monosulfide

    Part of Chemistry of Materials, p. 2969-2978, 2017.

  • Ericson, Tove; Larsson, Fredrik; Törndahl, Tobias; Frisk, Christopher et al.

    Zinc-Tin-Oxide Buffer Layer and Low Temperature Post Annealing Resulting in a 9.0% Efficient Cd-Free Cu2ZnSnS4 Solar Cell

    Part of Solar RRL, 2017.

    Open access
  • Ross, Nils; Larsen, Jes; Grini, S.; Vines, L. et al.

    Practical limitations to selenium annealing of compound co-sputtered Cu2ZnSnS4 as a route to achieving sulfur-selenium graded solar cell absorbers

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 110-115, 2017.

  • Frisk, Christopher; Ren, Yi; Olsson, Jörgen; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    On the extraction of doping concentration from capacitance-voltage: A Cu2ZnSnS4 and ZnS sandwich structure

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 1421-1425, 2017.

  • Zhang, Xiaoliang; Aitola, Kerttu; Hägglund, Carl; Kaskela, Antti et al.

    Dry-Deposited Transparent Carbon Nanotube Film as Front Electrode in Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells

    Part of ChemSusChem, p. 434-441, 2017.

  • Szaniawski, Piotr; Zabierowski, Pawel; Olsson, Jörgen; Zimmermann, Uwe et al.

    Advancing the understanding of reverse breakdown in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 1136-1142, 2017.

  • Szaniawski, Piotr; Olsson, Jörgen; Frisk, Christopher; Fjällström, Viktor et al.

    A Systematic Study of Light-On-Bias Behavior in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells With Varying Absorber Compositions

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 882-891, 2017.

  • Ahvenniemi, Esko; Akbashev, Andrew R.; Ali, Saima; Bechelany, Mikhael et al.

    Recommended reading list of early publications on atomic layer deposition-Outcome of the "Virtual Project on the History of ALD"

    Part of Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, 2017.

    Open access
  • Li, Shu-Yi; Zamulko, Sergiy; Persson, Clas; Ross, Nils et al.

    Optical properties of Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)(4) solar absorbers: Spectroscopic ellipsometry and ab initio calculations

    Part of Applied Physics Letters, 2017.

    Open access
  • Ren, Yi; Richter, Michael; Keller, Jan; Redinger, Alex et al.

    Investigation of the SnS/Cu2ZnSnS4 interfaces in Kesterite Thin-Film Solar Cells

    Part of ACS Energy Letters, p. 976-981, 2017.

  • Zhang, Xiaoliang; Hägglund, Carl; Johansson, Erik M.J.

    Highly efficient, transparent and stable semitransparent colloidal quantum dot solar cells: a combined numerical modeling and experimental approach

    Part of Energy & Environmental Science, p. 216-224, 2017.

  • Salome, P. M. P.; Keller, Jan; Törndahl, Tobias; Teixeira, J. P. et al.

    CdS and Zn1-xSnxOy buffer layers for CIGS solar cells

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 272-281, 2017.

  • Keller, Jan; Gustavsson, Fredrik; Stolt, Lars; Edoff, Marika et al.

    On the beneficial effect of Al2O3 front contact passivation in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 189-196, 2017.

  • Ren, Yi; Scragg, Jonathan J.; Edoff, Marika; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte

    Evolution of Na-S(-O) compounds on Cu2ZnSnS4 absorber surface and its effect on CdS growth

    Part of 2016 IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), p. 2255-2257, 2016.

  • Ross, N.; Larsen, Jes K; Grini, S.; Särhammar, Erik et al.

    Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 Solar Cell Absorbers from Diffusion of Selenium into Annealed Cu2ZnSnS4 Absorbers

    Part of 2016 IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), p. 492-497, 2016.

  • Edoff, Marika; Joel, Jonathan; Vermang, Bart; Hägglund, Carl

    Back Contact Passivation Effects in Bi-Facial Thin CIGS Solar Cells

    Part of 2016 IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), p. 3527-3529, 2016.

  • Leitao, J. P.; Teixeira, J. P.; Keller, Jan; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    Influence of CdS and ZnxSn1-xOy Buffer Layers on the Photoluminescence of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thin Films

    Part of 2016 IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), p. 3068-3071, 2016.

  • Schorr, Susan; Stephan, Christiane; Törndahl, Tobias; Gunder, Rene et al.

    X-ray and Neutron Diffraction on Materials for Thin-Film Solar Cells

    Part of Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells, p. 421-440, 2016.

  • Sendler, Jan; Thevenin, Maxime; Werner, Florian; Redinger, Alex et al.

    Photoluminescence studies in epitaxial CZTSe thin films

    Part of Journal of Applied Physics, 2016.

  • Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Thersleff, Thomas; Fourdrinier, Lionel; Leifer, Klaus et al.

    Surface defect passivation by a thin metallic barrier for Cu(InxGa1-x)Se2 co-evaporation on Cr-steel substrates

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 220-226, 2016.

  • Keller, Jan; Aijaz, Asim; Gustavsson, Fredrik; Kubart, Tomas et al.

    Direct comparison of atomic layer deposition and sputtering of In2O3:H used as transparent conductive oxide layer in CuIn1-xGaxSe2 thin film solar cells

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 757-764, 2016.

  • Urbaniak, A.; Macielak, K.; Igalson, M.; Szaniawski, Piotr et al.

    Defect levels in Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 studied using capacitance and photocurrent techniques

    Part of Journal of Physics, 2016.

  • Rudisch, Katharina; Ren, Yi; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Scragg, Jonathan

    Order-disorder transition in B-type Cu2ZnSnS4 and limitations of ordering through thermal treatments

    Part of Applied Physics Letters, 2016.

  • Ren, Yi; Scragg, Jonathan; Edoff, Marika; Larsen, Jes et al.

    Evolution of Na-S(-O) compounds on the Cu2ZnSnS4 absorber surface and their effects on CdS thin film growth

    Part of ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, p. 18600-18607, 2016.

  • Li, Shu-Yi; Hagglund, Carl; Ren, Yi; Scragg, Jonathan J. S. et al.

    Optical properties of reactively sputtered Cu2ZnSnS4 solar absorbers determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 170-178, 2016.

  • Zhang, Xiaoliang; Hägglund, Carl; Johansson, Malin B; Sveinbjörnsson, Kari et al.

    Fine Tuned Nanolayered Metal/Metal Oxide Electrode for Semitransparent Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells

    Part of Advanced Functional Materials, p. 1921-1929, 2016.

  • Hägglund, Carl; Grehl, Thomas; Tanskanen, Jukka T.; Yee, Ye Sheng et al.

    Growth, intermixing, and surface phase formation for zinc tin oxide nanolaminates produced by atomic layer deposition

    Part of Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, 2016.

    Open access
  • Hägglund, Carl; Zeltzer, Gabriel; Ruiz, Ricardo; Wangperawong, Artit et al.

    Strong coupling of plasmon and nanocavity modes for dual-band, near-perfect absorbers and ultrathin photovoltaics

    Part of ACS Photonics, p. 456-463, 2016.

    Open access
  • Zhang, Xiaoliang; Hägglund, Carl; Johansson, Erik M.

    Electro-Optics of Colloidal Quantum Dot Solids for Thin-FilmSolar Cells

    Part of Advanced Functional Materials, p. 1253-1260, 2016.

  • Keller, Jan; Stolt, Lars; Edoff, Marika; Törndahl, Tobias

    Atomic layer deposition of In2O3 transparent conductive oxide layers for application in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells with different buffer layers

    Part of Physica Status Solidi (a) applications and materials science, p. 1541-1552, 2016.

  • Vermang, Bart; Ren, Yi; Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Frisk, Christopher et al.

    Rear Surface Optimization of CZTS Solar Cells by Use of a Passivation Layer With Nanosized Point Openings

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 332-336, 2016.

  • Hinnemo, Malkolm; Ahlberg, Patrik; Hägglund, Carl; Ren, Wencai et al.

    Scalable residue-free graphene for surface-enhanced Raman scattering

    Part of Carbon, p. 567-571, 2016.

    Open access
  • Frisk, Christopher; Ericson, Tove; Li, Shu-Yi; Szaniawski, Piotr et al.

    Combining strong interface recombination with bandgap narrowing and short diffusion length in Cu2ZnSnS4 device modeling

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 364-370, 2016.

  • Scragg, Jonathan; Larsen, Jes; Kumar, Mukesh; Persson, Clas et al.

    Cu–Zn disorder and band gap fluctuations in Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4: Theoretical and experimental investigations

    Part of Physica status solidi. B, Basic research, p. 247-254, 2016.

    Open access
  • Keller, Jan; Lindahl, Johan; Edoff, Marika; Stolt, Lars et al.

    Potential gain in photocurrent generation for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells by using In2O3 as a transparent conductive oxide layer

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 102-107, 2016.

  • Lindahl, Johan; Keller, Jan; Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Szaniawski, Piotr et al.

    Deposition temperature induced conduction band changes in zinc tin oxide buffer layers for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 684-690, 2016.

    Open access
  • Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Ericson, Tove; Scragg, Jonathan; Kubart, Tomas

    Reactive sputtering of CZTS

    Part of Copper zinc tin sulfide-based thin film solar cells, p. 203-220, 2015.

  • van Duren, Stephan; Ren, Yi; Scragg, Jonathan; Just, Justus et al.

    Raman spectroscopy study on in-situ monitoring of Cu2ZnSnS4 synthesis

    Part of 2015 IEEE 42ND PHOTOVOLTAIC SPECIALIST CONFERENCE (PVSC), 2015.

  • Bras, Patrice; Mauvy, Leo; Sterner, Jan; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte

    Uniformity assessment of a 6-inch Copper-Zinc-Tin-Sulfide solar cell sputtered from a quaternary compound target

    Part of 2015 IEEE 42ND PHOTOVOLTAIC SPECIALIST CONFERENCE (PVSC), 2015.

  • Edoff, Marika; Lindahl, Johan; Wätjen, Timo; Nyberg, Tomas

    Gas flow sputtering of Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 for thin film solar cells

    Part of 2015 IEEE 42ND PHOTOVOLTAIC SPECIALIST CONFERENCE (PVSC), 2015.

  • Vermang, Bart; Ren, Yi; Joel, Jonathan; Frisk, Christopher et al.

    Rear surface optimization of CZTS solar cells by use of a passivation layer with nano-sized point openings

    Part of 2015 IEEE 42ND PHOTOVOLTAIC SPECIALIST CONFERENCE (PVSC), 2015.

  • Larsen, Jes K; Scragg, J. J.; Frisk, C; Ren, Y. et al.

    CuS Cap to Prevent Decomposition of Cu2ZnSnS4 Precursors during Annealing

    2015.

  • Kubart, Tomas; Törndahl, Tobias; Moreira, Milena; Katardjiev, Ilia

    Highly textured AlN thin films on Si by reactive High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering

    Part of 42nd ICMCTF 2015 International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films, 20–24 April, San Diego, USA, 2015.

  • Prusakova, Lucie; Aijaz, Asim; Nyberg, Tomas; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    Magnetron sputtering of InGaZnO and ZnSnO amorphous oxide semiconductors

    Part of E-MRS Spring meeting 2015, May 11-15, Lille, France, 2015.

  • Hinnemo, Malkolm; Ahlberg, Patrik; Hägglund, Carl; Zhang, Shi-Li et al.

    Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Graphene with and without Residues

    2015.

  • Kotipalli, R.; Vermang, Bart; Joel, J.; Rajkumar, R. et al.

    Investigating the electronic properties of Al2O3/Cu(In, Ga)Se-2 interface

    Part of AIP Advances, 2015.

    Open access
  • Frisk, Christopher; Ren, Yi; Li, Shu-Yi; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte

    CZTS solar cell device simulation with varying absorber thickness

    Part of 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC). Proceedings, 2015.

    Open access
  • Hägglund, Carl

    Strongly coupled plasmon-nanocavity modes for broadband, near-field induced absorption in ultrathin semiconductor coatings

    Part of Part of Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9547 Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties XIII, 2015.

  • Bras, Patrice; Sterner, Jan; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte

    Investigation of blister formation in sputtered Cu 2ZnSnS 4 absorbers for thin film solar cells

    Part of Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, 2015.

    Open access
  • Vermang, Bart; Ren, Yi; Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Frisk, Christopher et al.

    Rear Surface Optimization of CZTS Solar Cellsby Use of a Passivation Layer WithNanosized Point Openings

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 2015.

  • Ren, Yi; Scragg, Jonathan; Frisk, Christopher; Larsen, Jes et al.

    Influence of the Cu2ZnSnS4 absorberthickness on thin film solar cells

    Part of Physica status solidi. A, Applied research, p. 2889-2896, 2015.

  • Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Frisk, Christoper; Larsen, Jes; Ericson, Tove et al.

    Reduced interface recombination in Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cells with atomic layer deposition Zn1-xSnxO buffer layers

    Part of Applied Physics Letters, 2015.

    Open access
  • Szaniawski, Piotr; Salome, Pedro; Fjällström, Viktor; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    Influence of Varying Cu Content on Growth and Performance of Ga-Graded Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 Solar Cells

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 1775-1782, 2015.

  • Larsen, Jes K; Scragg, Jonathan JS; Frisk, Christopher; Ren, Yi et al.

    Potential of CuS cap to prevent decomposition of Cu2ZnSnS4 during annealing

    Part of Physica Status Solidi (a) applications and materials science, p. 2843-2849, 2015.

    Open access
  • Larsen, Jes K; Li, Shuyi; Scragg, Jonathan; Ren, Yi et al.

    Interference effects in photoluminescence spectra of Cu2ZnSnS4 and Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin films

    Part of Journal of Applied Physics, 2015.

    Open access
  • Salome, Pedro M. P.; Fjällström, Viktor; Szaniawski, Piotr; Leitao, Joaquim P. et al.

    A comparison between thin film solar cells made from co-evaporated CuIn1-xGaxSe2 using a one-stage process versus a three-stage process

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 470-478, 2015.

  • Moreira, Milena A.; Törndahl, Tobias; Katardjiev, Ilia; Kubart, Tomas

    Deposition of highly textured AlN thin films by reactive high power impulse magnetron sputtering

    Part of Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, 2015.

  • Joel, Jonathan; Vermang, Bart; Larsen, Jes; Donzel-Gargand, Olivier et al.

    On the assessment of CIGS surface passivation by photoluminescence

    Part of Physica Status Solidi. Rapid Research Letters, p. 288-292, 2015.

  • Lindahl, Johan; Hägglund, Carl; Wätjen, J. Timo; Edoff, Marika et al.

    The effect of substrate temperature on atomic layer deposited zinc tin oxide

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 82-87, 2015.

  • Jacobsson, T. Jesper; Fjällstrom, Viktor; Edoff, Marika; Edvinsson, Tomas

    A theoretical analysis of optical absorption limits and performance of tandem devices and series interconnected architectures for solar hydrogen production

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 86-95, 2015.

  • Fjällström, Viktor; Szaniawski, Piotr; Vermang, Bart; Salome, Pedro M. P. et al.

    Recovery After Potential-Induced Degradation of CuIn1-xGaxSe2 Solar Cells With CdS and Zn(O,S) Buffer Layers

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 664-669, 2015.

  • Van Puyvelde, L.; Lauwaert, J.; Smet, P. F.; Khelifi, S. et al.

    Photoluminescence investigation of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin film solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 146-150, 2015.

  • Bras, Patrice; Sterner, Jan; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte

    Influence of hydrogen sulfide annealing on copper-zinc-tin-sulfide solar cells sputtered from a quaternary compound target

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 233-238, 2015.

  • Kotipalli, Ratan; Vermang, Bart; Fjällström, Viktor; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Influence of Ga/(Ga plus In) grading on deep-defect states of Cu(In, Ga)Se-2 solar cells

    Part of Physica Status Solidi. Rapid Research Letters, p. 157-160, 2015.

  • Jacobsson, T. Jesper; Fjällstrom, Viktor; Edoff, Marika; Edvinsson, Tomas

    CIGS based devices for solar hydrogen production spanning from PEC-cells to PV-electrolyzers: a comparison of efficiency, stability and device topology

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 185-93, 2015.

  • Ren, Yi; Scragg, Jonathan J.; Ericson, Tove; Kubart, Tomas et al.

    Reactively sputtered films in the CuxS–ZnS–SnSy system: From metastability to equilibrium

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 208-214, 2015.

  • Vermang, Bart; Wätjen, Jörn Timo; Fjällström, Viktor; Rostvall, Fredrik et al.

    Highly reflective rear surface passivation design for ultra-thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 300-303, 2015.

    Open access
  • Ledinek, Dorothea; Vermang, Bart; Edoff, Marika

    Thickness and Ga content variations in co-evaporated CIGS solar cells with a flat Ga profile: an electrical characteriyation

    Part of EU PVSEC 2014 Proceedings Papers, p. 1832-1836, 2014.

  • Scragg, Jonathan; Colombara, Diego; Dale, Phillip; Peter, Laurence et al.

    Thin-film Photovoltaics Based on Earth-abundant Materials

    Part of Advanced Concepts in Photovoltaics, p. 118-185, 2014.

  • Lingfors, David; Zimmermann, Uwe; Widén, Joakim

    Determining Intra-hour Solar Irradiance Variability with a Low-cost Solar Logger Network

    Part of Proceedings of 4th International Workshop on Integration of Solar Power into Power Systems, Berlin, Germany, 10-11 November, 2014, 2014.

  • Kapilashrami, M.; Conti, G.; Zegkinoglou, I.; Nemsak, S. et al.

    Boron Doped diamond films as electron donors in photovoltaics: An X-ray absorption and hard X-ray photoemission study

    Part of Journal of Applied Physics, p. 143702-, 2014.

  • Salome, Pedro M. P.; Hultqvist, Adam; Fjällström, Viktor; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Incorporation of Na in Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 Thin-Film Solar Cells: A Statistical Comparison Between Na From Soda-Lime Glass and From a Precursor Layer of NaF

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 1659-1664, 2014.

  • Hägglund, Carl

    Ultrathin metal-semiconductor nanocomposites as resource efficient light absorbers for photovoltaics

    2014.

  • Mullings, Marja N.; Hägglund, Carl; Tanskanen, Jukka T.; Yee, Yesheng et al.

    Thin film characterization of zinc tin oxide deposited by thermal atomic layer deposition

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 186-, 2014.

  • Gusak, Viktoria; Kasemo, Bengt; Hägglund, Carl

    High aspect ratio plasmonic nanocones for enhanced light absorption in ultrathin amorphous silicon films

    Part of The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, p. 22840-22846, 2014.

  • Tanskanen, Jukka T.; Hägglund, Carl; Bent, Stacey F.

    Correlating growth characteristics in atomic layer deposition with precursor molecular structure: the case of zinc tin oxide

    Part of Chemistry of Materials, p. 2895-2802, 2014.

  • Frisk, Christopher; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Olsson, Jörgen; Szaniawski, Piotr et al.

    Optimizing Ga-profiles for highly efficient Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cells in simple and complex defect models

    Part of Journal of Physics D, p. 485104-, 2014.

    Open access
  • Vermang, Bart; Wätjen, Jörn Timo; Frisk, Christopher; Fjällström, Viktor et al.

    Introduction of Si PERC Rear Contacting Designto Boost Efficiency of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 1644-1649, 2014.

    Open access
  • Vermang, Bart; Rostvall, Fredrik; Fjällström, Viktor; Edoff, Marika

    Potential-induced optimization of ultra-thin rear surface passivated CIGS solar cells

    Part of Physica Status Solidi. Rapid Research Letters, p. 908-911, 2014.

    Open access
  • Vermang, Bart; Wätjen, Jörn Timo; Fjällström, Viktor; Rostvall, Fredrik et al.

    Employing Si solar cell technology to increase efficiency of ultra-thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 1023-1029, 2014.

    Open access
  • Holmqvist, A.; Törndahl, Tobias; Magnusson, F.; Zimmermann, Uwe et al.

    Dynamic parameter estimation of atomic layer deposition kinetics applied to in situ quartz crystal microbalance diagnostics

    Part of Chemical Engineering Science, p. 15-33, 2014.

  • Salome, Pedro M. P.; Hultqvist, Adam; Fjällström, Viktor; Vermang, Bart et al.

    The effect of high growth temperature on Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 thin film solar cells

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 166-170, 2014.

  • Kubart, Tomas; Ericson, Tove; Scragg, Jonathan J.; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Reactive sputtering of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films - Target effects on the deposition process stability

    Part of Surface & Coatings Technology, p. 281-285, 2014.

  • Jacobsson, Jesper; Viktor, Fjällström; Marika, Edoff; Tomas, Edvinsson

    Sustainable Solar Hydrogen Production: From Photo-Electrochemical Cells to PV-Electrolysis and Back Again

    Part of Energy & Environmental Science, 2014.

  • Vermang, Bart; Fjällström, Viktor; Gao, Xindong; Edoff, Marika

    Improved Rear Surface Passivation of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells: A Combination of an Al2O3 Rear Surface Passivation Layer and Nano-Sized Local Rear Point Contacts

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 486-492, 2014.

    Open access
  • Scragg, Jonathan; Choubrac, Léo; Lafond, Alain; Ericson, Tove et al.

    A low-temperature order-disorder transition in Cu2ZnSnSthin films

    Part of Applied Physics Letters, p. 041911-, 2014.

    Open access
  • Salomé, Pedro M. P.; Fjällström, Viktor; Hultqvist, Adam; Szaniawski, Piotr et al.

    The effect of Mo back contact ageing on Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 thin-film solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 83-89, 2014.

  • Ericson, Tove; Scragg, Jonathan J.; Hultqvist, Adam; Wätjen, Jörn Timo et al.

    Zn(O,S) Buffer Layers and Thickness Variations of CdS Buffer for Cu2ZnSnS4 Solar Cells

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 465-469, 2014.

    Open access
  • Hägglund, Carl; Grehl, Thomas; Tanskanen, Jukka T.; Yee, Ye Sheng et al.

    Atomic layer deposition of thin film laminates and solid solutions – the case of zinc tin oxide

    2013.

  • Hägglund, Carl; Bent, Stacey F.

    Ultrathin light absorbers based on plasmonic nanocomposites

    Part of SPIE Newsroom, 2013.

    Open access
  • Bakke, J.; Hägglund, Carl; Jung, H. J.; Sinclair, R. et al.

    Atomic layer deposition of CdO and CdxZn1−xO films

    Part of Materials Chemistry and Physics, p. 465-471, 2013.

  • Hägglund, Carl; Zeltzer, G.; Ruiz, R.; Thomann, I. et al.

    Self-assembly based plasmonic arrays tuned by atomic layer deposition for extreme visible light absorption

    Part of Nano letters (Print), p. 3352-3357, 2013.

  • Wangperawong, Artit; Herron, Steven M.; Runser, Rory R.; Hägglund, Carl et al.

    Vapor transport deposition and epitaxy of orthorhombic SnS on glass and NaCl substrates

    Part of Applied Physics Letters, 2013.

  • Methaapanon, R.; Geyer, S. M.; Hägglund, Carl; Pianetta, P. A. et al.

    Portable atomic layer deposition reactor for in situ synchrotron photoemission studies

    Part of Review of Scientific Instruments, 2013.

  • Mullings, Marja N.; Hägglund, Carl; Bent, Stacey F.

    Tin oxide atomic layer deposition from tetrakis(dimethylamino)tin and water

    Part of Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, 2013.

  • Jacobsson, Jesper T.; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Edoff, Marika; Edvinsson, Tomas

    CuInxGa1-xSe2 as an efficient photocathode for solar hydrogen generation

    Part of International journal of hydrogen energy, p. 15027-15035, 2013.

  • Jacobsson, Jesper T.; Fjällström, Viktor; Sahlberg, Martin Häggblad; Edoff, Marika et al.

    A monolithic device for solar water splitting based on series interconnected thin film absorbers reaching over 10% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency

    Part of Energy & Environmental Science, p. 3676-3683, 2013.

  • Näsvall, David; Zimmermann, Uwe; Widén, Joakim

    Optimal spatial arrangement of building-applied PV systems in the built environment

    Part of Proceedings of the 28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference (EU PVSEC), Paris, France, September 30 - October 4, 2013., 2013.

  • Frisk, Christopher; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Fjällström, Viktor; Salomé, Pedro et al.

    Modeling Ga-profiles for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cells with varying defect density

    Part of 23rd International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference; Taipei, Taiwan; October 28 - Nov 1, 2013, 2013.

    Open access
  • Pettersson, Jonas; Törndahl, Tobias; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Hultqvist, Adam et al.

    The Influence of Absorber Thickness on Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 Solar Cells With Different Buffer Layers

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 1376-1382, 2013.

  • Hultqvist, Adam; Salomé, Pedro M. P.; Fjällström, Viktor; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Performance of Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 solar cells using nominally alkali free glass substrates with varying coefficient of thermal expansion

    Part of Journal of Applied Physics, p. 094501-, 2013.

  • Scragg, Jonathan J.; Kubart, Tomas; Wätjen, Timo; Ericson, Tove et al.

    Effects of Back Contact Instability on Cu2ZnSnS4 Devices and Processes

    Part of Chemistry of Materials, p. 3162-3171, 2013.

    Open access
  • Vermang, Bart; Fjällström, Viktor; Pettersson, Jonas; Salomé, Pedro et al.

    Development of Rear Surface Passivated Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thin Film Solar Cells with Nano-Sized Local Rear Point Contacts

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 505-511, 2013.

    Open access
  • Holmqvist, A.; Törndahl, Tobias; Stenström, S.

    A model-based methodology for the analysis and design of atomic layer deposition processes-Part III: Constrained multi-objective optimization

    Part of Chemical Engineering Science, p. 71-86, 2013.

  • Fjällström, Viktor; Salome, P. M. P.; Hultqvist, Adam; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Potential-Induced Degradation of CuIn1-xGaxSe2 Thin Film Solar Cells

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 1090-1094, 2013.

  • Lindahl, Johan; Zimmermann, Uwe; Szaniawski, Piotr; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    Inline Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 Co-evaporation for High-Efficiency Solar Cells and Modules

    Part of IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS, p. 1100-1105, 2013.

    Open access
  • Platzer-Bjorkman, Charlotte; Jani, S.; Westlinder, J.; Linnarsson, M. K. et al.

    Diffusion of Fe and Na in co-evaporated Cu(In, Ga) Se-2 devices on steel substrates

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 188-192, 2013.

  • Salomé, Pedro M. P.; Hultqvist, Adam; Fjällström, Viktor; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 Solar Cells With Varying Na Content Prepared on Nominally Alkali-Free Glass Substrates

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 852-858, 2013.

  • Wätjen, J. Timo; Scragg, Jonathan J.; Edoff, Marika; Rubino, Stefano et al.

    Cu out-diffusion in kesterites: A transmission electron microscopy specimen preparation artifact

    Part of Applied Physics Letters, p. 051902-, 2013.

  • Salomé, Pedro; Fjällström, Viktor; Hultqvist, Adam; Edoff, Marika

    Na doping of CIGS solar cells using low sodium-doped mo layer

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 509-513, 2013.

  • Ericson, Tove; Scragg, Jonathan J.; Kubart, Tomas; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    Annealing behavior of reactively sputtered precursor films for Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 22-26, 2013.

    Open access
  • Szaniawski, Piotr; Lindahl, Johan; Törndahl, Tobias; Zimmermann, Uwe et al.

    Light-enhanced reverse breakdown in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 326-330, 2013.

  • Lindahl, Johan; Wätjen, Jörn Timo; Hultqvist, Adam; Ericson, Tove et al.

    The effect of Zn1−xSnxOy buffer layer thickness in 18.0% efficient Cd-free Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 1588-1597, 2013.

  • Holmqvist, Anders; Törndahl, Tobias; Stenström, Stig

    A model-based methodology for the analysis and design of atomic layer deposition processes—Part II: Experimental validation and mechanistic analysis

    Part of Chemical Engineering Science, p. 316-329, 2013.

  • Scragg, Jonathan; Ericson, Tove; Fontané, Xavier; Izquierdo-Roca, Victor et al.

    Rapid annealing of reactively sputtered precursors for Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 10-17, 2013.

  • Schleussner, Sebastian; Pettersson, Jonas; Törndahl, Tobias; Edoff, Marika

    Surface engineering in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 561-568, 2013.

    Open access
  • Tanskanen, Jukka T.; Bakke, Jonathan R.; Hägglund, Carl; Pakkanen, Tapani A. et al.

    Bandgap engineering of ternary ZnOxS1-x CdxZn1-xO thin films via atomic layer deposition

    2012.

  • Wangperawong, Artit; Herron, Steven M.; Hägglund, Carl; Bent, Stacey F.

    Cheap and Thin: Two Processing Approaches to Manufacturable Solar Cells

    2012.

  • Gusak, Viktoria; Kasemo, B.; Hägglund, Carl

    Nanoparticle plasmon induced light absorption in ultrathin a-Si

    2012.

  • Hägglund, Carl; Apell, P.

    Plasmonic near-field absorbers for ultrathin solar cells

    Part of Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, p. 1275-1285, 2012.

  • Bakke, J.; Tanskanen, J.; Hägglund, Carl; Pakkanen, T. et al.

    Growth characteristics, material properties, and optical properties of zinc oxysulfide films deposited by atomic layer deposition

    Part of Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, p. 01A135-, 2012.

  • Kubart, Tomas; Ericson, Tove; Scragg, Jonathan; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte

    Reactive magnetron sputtering of precursors for CZTS solar cells

    2012.

  • Wätjen, Jörn Timo; Scragg, Jonathan; Ericson, Tove; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Secondary compound formation revealed by transmission electron microscopy at the Cu2ZnSnS4/Mo interface

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 31-34, 2012.

  • Wallin, Erik; Malm, Ulf; Jarmar, Tobias; Lundberg, Olle et al.

    World record Cu(In,Ga)Se2-based thin-film sub-module with 17.4 % efficiency

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 851-854, 2012.

  • Scragg, Jonathan; Wätjen, Timo; Edoff, Marika; Ericson, Tove et al.

    A Detrimental Reaction at the Molybdenum Back Contact in Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 Thin-Film Solar Cells

    Part of Journal of the American Chemical Society, p. 19330-19333, 2012.

  • Wätjen, Timo Jörn; Zimmermann, Uwe; Edoff, Marika

    Microanalysis of post-deposition annealing of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 396-402, 2012.

  • Ericson, Tove; Kubart, Tomas; Scragg, Jonathan J.; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte

    Reactive sputtering of precursors for Cu2ZnSnS4 thin film solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 7093-7099, 2012.

    Open access
  • Holmqvist, Anders; Törndahl, Tobias; Stenström, Stig

    A model-based methodology for the analysis and design of atomic layer deposition processes—Part I: Mechanistic modelling of continuous flow reactors

    Part of Chemical Engineering Science, p. 260-272, 2012.

  • Scragg, Jonathan; Dale, Phillip J; Colombara, Diego; Peter, Laurence M

    Thermodynamic Aspects of the Synthesis of Thin-Film Materials for Solar Cells

    Part of ChemPhysChem, p. 3035-3046, 2012.

  • Edoff, Marika

    Thin Film Solar Cells: Research in an Industrial Perspective

    Part of Ambio, p. 112-118, 2012.

  • Kapilashrami, Mukes; Kronawitter, Coleman X.; Törndahl, Tobias; Lindahl, Johan et al.

    Soft X-ray characterization of Zn1-xSnxOy electronic structure for thin film photovoltaics

    Part of Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, p. 10154-10159, 2012.

  • Mongstad, Trygve; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Maehlen, J. P.; Hauback, B. C. et al.

    Surface oxide on thin films of yttrium hydride studied by neutron reflectometry

    Part of Applied Physics Letters, p. 191604-, 2012.

  • Wätjen, Jörn Timo; Engman, Jessica; Edoff, Marika; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte

    Direct evidence of current blocking by ZnSe in Cu2ZnSnSe4 solar cells

    Part of Applied Physics Letters, p. 173510-, 2012.

  • Mongstad, Trygve; You, C. C.; Thogersen, A.; Maehlen, J. P. et al.

    MgyNi1-y(H-x) thin films deposited by magnetron co-sputtering

    Part of Journal of Alloys and Compounds, p. 76-83, 2012.

  • Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Scragg, Jonathan; Flammersberger, H; Kubart, Tomas et al.

    Influence of precursor sulfur content on film formation and compositional changes in Cu2ZnSnS4 films and solar cells

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 110-117, 2012.

  • Zimmermann, Uwe; Edoff, Marika

    A Maximum Power Point Tracker for Long-Term Logging of PV Module Performance

    Part of IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, p. 47-55, 2012.

  • Schöldström, Jens; Zimmermann, Uwe; Edoff, Marika

    Determination of the optical constants for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 and CuxSe in the IR region

    Part of Journal of Physics D, p. 115101-, 2012.

  • Pettersson, Jonas; Edoff, Marika; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte

    Electrical modeling of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 cells with ALD-Zn1xMgxO bufferlayers

    Part of Journal of Applied Physics, p. 014509-014509, 2012.

  • Hultqvist, Adam; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Zimmermann, Uwe; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Growth kinetics, properties, performance, and stability of atomic layer deposition Zn–Sn–O buffer layers for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 883-891, 2012.

  • Schleussner, Sebastian; Törndahl, Tobias; Linnarsson, Margareta; Zimmermann, Uwe et al.

    Development of gallium gradients in three‐ stageCu(In,Ga)Se2 co‐evaporation processes

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 284-293, 2012.

    Open access
  • Westin, Per-Oskar; Wätjen, Jörn Timo; Zimmermann, Uwe; Edoff, Marika

    Microanalysis of laser micro-welded interconnections in CIGS PV modules

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 172-178, 2012.

  • Scragg, Jonathan

    Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide Thin Films for Photovoltaics: Synthesis and Characterisation by Electrochemical Methods

    Springer, 2011.

  • Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Edoff, Marika

    Co-evaporation of CIGS and alternative buffer layers for CIGS devices

    Part of Thin film solar cells, p. 59-90, 2011.

  • Mullings, Marja N.; Bakke, Jonathan R.; Hägglund, Carl; Bent, Stacey F.

    Atomic Layer Deposition of Nanoscale Materials for Energy Conversion

    2011.

  • Wangperawong, Artit; Hägglund, Carl; Bent, Stacey F

    Optical response of 3D nano-architecture solar cells and integration with 3D device physics

    Part of Next Generation (Nano) Photonic and Cell Technologies For Solar Energy Conversion II, p. 81110R-, 2011.

  • Bakke, Jonathan R.; Hägglund, Carl; Hee Joon, Jung; Sinclair, Robert et al.

    Graded and alloyed II-VI semiconductors for photovoltaic buffer layers grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD)

    p. 002691-002695 2011.

  • Gusak, Viktoria; Kasemo, Bengt; Hägglund, Carl

    Thickness dependence of plasmonic charge carrier generation in ultrathin a-Si:H layers for solar cells

    Part of ACS Nano, p. 6218-6225, 2011.

  • Hägglund, Carl; Apell, Peter S.; Kasemo, Bengt

    Maximized optical absorption in ultrathin films and its application to plasmon-based two-dimensional photovoltaics (vol 10, pg 3135, 2010)

    Part of Nano letters (Print), p. 915-916, 2011.

  • Mongstad, Trygve; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Maehlen, Jan-Petter; Mooij, Lennard et al.

    A new thin film photochromic material: oxygen-containing yttrium hydride

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 3596-3599, 2011.

  • Schorr, Susan; Stephan, Christiane; Törndahl, Tobias; Mainz, Roland

    X-ray and neutron diffraction on materials for thin film solar cells

    Part of Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells, p. 347-363, 2011.

  • Scragg, Jonathan J.; Ericson, Tove; Kubart, Tomas; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Chemical Insights into the Instability of Cu(2)ZnSnS(4) Films during Annealing

    Part of Chemistry of Materials, p. 4625-4633, 2011.

  • Mongstad, T; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Karazhanov, S Zh; Holt, A et al.

    Transparent yttrium hydride thin films prepared by reactive sputtering

    Part of Journal of Alloys and Compounds, p. S812-S816, 2011.

  • Igalson, M; Urbaniak, A; Krysztopa, A; Aida, Y et al.

    Sub-bandgap photoconductivity and photocapacitance in CIGS thin films and devices

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 7489-7492, 2011.

  • Pettersson, Jonas; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Zimmermann, Uwe; Edoff, Marika

    Baseline model of graded-absorber Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells applied to cells with Zn1−xMgxO buffer layers

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 7476-7480, 2011.

  • Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Mongstad, Trygve; Maehlen, Jan-Petter; Baldi, Andrea et al.

    Deposition of magnesium hydride thin films using radio frequency reactive sputtering

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 5949-5954, 2011.

  • Edoff, Marika; Schleussner, Sebastian; Wallin, Erik; Lundberg, Olle

    Technological and economical aspects on the influence of reduced Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thickness and Ga grading for co-evaporated Cu(In,Ga)Se2 modules

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 7530-7533, 2011.

  • Westin, Per-Oskar; Zimmermann, Uwe; Ruth, Marta; Edoff, Marika

    Next generation interconnective laser patterning of CIGS thin film modules

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 1062-1068, 2011.

  • Hultqvist, Adam; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Coronel, Ernesto; Edoff, Marika

    Experimental investigation of Cu(In1-x,Ga-x)Se-2/Zn(O1-z,S-z) solar cell performance

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 497-503, 2011.

  • Hultqvist, Adam; Edoff, Marika; Törndahl, Tobias

    Evaluation of Zn-Sn-O buffer layers for CuIn0.5Ga0.5Se2 solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 478-481, 2011.

  • Schleussner, Sebastian; Zimmermann, Uwe; Wätjen, Timo; Leifer, Klaus et al.

    Effect of gallium grading in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar-cell absorbers produced by multi-stage coevaporation

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 721-726, 2011.

    Open access
  • Studies of Cu2ZnSnS4 films prepared by sulfurisation of electrodeposited precursors

    Scragg, Jonathan

  • Hägglund, Carl; Apell, S. P.

    Resource efficient plasmon-based 2D-photovoltaics with reflective support

    Part of Optics Express, p. A343-A356, 2010.

    Open access
  • Hägglund, Carl; Apell, Peter S.; Kasemo, Bengt

    Maximized optical absorption in ultrathin films and its application to plasmon-based two-dimensional photovoltaics

    Part of Nano letters (Print), p. 3135-3141, 2010.

  • Mazzotta, Francesco; Wang, Guoliang; Hägglund, Carl; Höök, Fredrik et al.

    Nanoplasmonic biosensing with on-chip electrical detection

    Part of Biosensors & bioelectronics, p. 1131-1136, 2010.

  • Mongstad, T.; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Karazhanow, S. Zh.; Holt, A. et al.

    Transparent yttrium hydride thin films prepared by reactive sputtering

    2010.

  • Igalson, M.; Urbaniak, A.; Krysztopa, A.; Edoff, Marika

    Metastable Defect Distributions and Spectral Photoresponse of CIGS Devices

    p. 3436-3441 2010.

  • Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Uhl, A.

    Comparison of ZnS-Based Buffer Layers by Chemical Bath Deposition and Atomic Layer Deposition

    Part of Thin-film compound semiconductor voltaics-2009, p. 147-152, 2010.

  • Pettersson, Jonas; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Hultqvist, Adam; Zimmermann, Uwe et al.

    Measurements of photo-induced changes in the conduction properties of ALD-Zn1−xMgxO thin films

    Part of Physica Scripta, p. 014010-1-014010-4, 2010.

  • Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Hultqvist, Adam; Pettersson, Jonas; Törndahl, Tobias

    Band gap engineering of ZnO for high efficiency CIGS based solar cells

    Part of Oxide-based Materials and Devices, p. 76030-76039, 2010.

  • Törndahl, Tobias; Hultqvist, Adam; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Edoff, Marika

    Growth and characterization of ZnO-based buffer layers for CIGS solar cells

    Part of Proceedings of the SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, p. 76030D-1-76030D-9, 2010.

  • Naghavi, N.; Abou-Ras, D.; Allsop, N.; Barreau, N. et al.

    Buffer layers and transparent conducting oxides for chalcopyrite Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)(2) based thin film photovoltaics: Present status and current developments

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 411-433, 2010.

  • Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Zabierowski, P.; Pettersson, Jonas; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    Improved fill factor and open circuit voltage by crystalline selenium at the Cu(In,Ga)Se-2/buffer layer interface in thin film solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 249-256, 2010.

  • Schöldström, Jens; Zimmermann, Uwe; Edoff, Marika

    Dynamic radiative properties of the Cu(In,Ga)Se2 layer during the co-evaporation process

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 321-327, 2010.

  • Igalson, Malgorzata; Zabierowski, Pawel; Przado, Daniel; Urbaniak, Aleksander et al.

    Understanding defect-related issues limiting efficiency of CIGS solar cells

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 1290-1295, 2009.

  • Olaison, B R; Edoff, Marika; Holt, A

    CIGS solar cells with screen-printed contacts

    Part of Proceedings of the 24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Hamburg, 2009, p3007, p. 3007-, 2009.

  • Malm, Ulf; Edoff, Marika

    2D Device modelling and finite element simulations for thin-film solar cells

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 1066-1069, 2009.

  • Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Mongstad, Trygve; Karazhanov, Smagul; Maehlen, Jan-Petter et al.

    Reactive sputtering of magnesium hydride thin films for photovoltaic applications

    Part of Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 2009.

  • Marko, Hakim; Hultqvist, Adam; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Noël, Sébastien et al.

    Effects of CuIn0,5Ga0,5Se2 growth by isothermal and bithermal Cu-Poor/Rich/Poor sequence on solar cells properties

    Part of Thin-Film Compound Semiconductor Photovoltaics — 2009, 2009.

  • Böhnke, Tobias; Edoff, Marika

    Copper indium gallium diselenide thin films for sun angle detectors in space applications

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 2063-2068, 2009.

  • Igalson, Margaret; Urbaniak, Alexander; Edoff, Marika

    Reinterpretation of defect levels derived from capacitance spectroscopy of CIGSesolar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 2153-2157, 2009.

  • Edoff, Marika; Viard, Nicolas; Wätjen, Jörn Timo; Schleussner, Sebastian et al.

    Sputtering of highly adhesive Mo back contact layers for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    p. 3037- 2009.

  • Törndahl, Tobias; Coronel, Ernesto; Hultqvist, Adam; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte et al.

    The effect of Zn1-xMgxO buffer layer deposition temperature on Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells: A study of the buffer/absorber interface

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 115-125, 2009.

  • Hultqvist, Adam; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Pettersson, Jonas; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    CuGaSe2 solar cells using atomic layer deposited Zn(O,S) and (Zn,Mg)O buffer layers

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 2305-2308, 2009.

  • Pettersson, Jonas; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Edoff, Marika

    Temperature-dependent current-voltage and lightsoaking measurements on Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells with ALD-Zn1-xMgxO buffer layers

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 460-469, 2009.

  • Westin, Per-Oskar; Zimmermann, Uwe; Stolt, Lars; Edoff, Marika

    Reverse bias damage in CIGS modules

    Part of 24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, p. 2967-2970, 2009.

    Open access
  • Westin, Per-Oskar; Schmidt, Sarah C.; Hüske, Marc; Edoff, Marika

    Influence of spacial and temporal laser beam characteristics on thin-film ablation

    Part of 24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, p. 3087-3090, 2009.

    Open access
  • Schleussner, Sebastian; Kubart, Tomas; Törndahl, Tobias; Edoff, Marika

    Reactively sputtered ZrN for application as reflecting back contact in Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 5548-5552, 2009.

    Open access
  • Malm, Ulf; Edoff, Marika

    Simulating Material Inhomogeneities and Defects in CIGS Thin-film Solar Cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 306-314, 2009.

  • Nsimama, P D; Samiji, M E; Mbise, G W; Niklasson, Gunnar A et al.

    Performance comparison of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells fabricated using RF and DC sputtered ZnO:Al transparent conducting oxides

    Part of Physica Status Solidi. C, Current topics in solid state physics, p. 612-615, 2008.

  • Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Zabierowski, P.; Edoff, Marika

    The role of interfacial elemental selenium in CIGS devices with different buffer layers

    2008.

  • Hultqvist, Adam; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Pettersson, Jonas; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    CuGaSe2 solar cells using atomic layer deposited Zn(O,S) and (Zn,Mg)O buffer layers

    2008.

  • Holt, A.; Edoff, Marika; Lund, P.; Lauritzen, H. et al.

    Nordic Centre of Excellence in Photovoltaics (NCOE in PV)

    p. 3753- 2008.

  • Schleussner, Sebastian; Törndahl, Tobias; Edoff, Marika

    Influence of the N2 gas flow on optical and structural properties of reactively sputtered ZrN films

    Part of Journal of Physics, Conference Series, p. 082016-, 2008.

  • Westin, Per-Oskar; Zimmermann, Uwe; Edoff, Marika

    Laser patterning of P2 interconnect via in thin-film CIGS PV modules

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 1230-1235, 2008.

  • Westin, Per-Oskar; Edoff, Marika

    Materials analysis of laser treated CIGS

    Part of 23rd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, p. 2558-2561, 2008.

  • Malm, Ulf; Edoff, Marika

    Influence from front contact sheet resistance on extracted diode parameters in CIGS solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 113-121, 2008.

  • Böhnke, Tobias; Kratz, Henrik; Hultåker, Annette; Köhler, Johan et al.

    Surfaces with high solar reflectance and high thermal emittance on structured silicon for spacecraft thermal control

    Part of Optical materials (Amsterdam), p. 1410-1421, 2008.

  • Nsimama, P. D.; Samiji, M. E.; Mbise, G. W.; Niklasson, Gunnar et al.

    Performance comparison of Cu(In,Ga) Se2 solar cells fabricated using RF and DC sputtered ZnO:Al transparent conducting oxides

    2007.

  • Przado, D.; Igalson, M.; Bacewicz, R.; Edoff, Marika

    The influence of metastabilities on the luminescence in the Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Acta Physica Polonica. A, p. 183-189, 2007.

  • Johansson, Joar; Zimmermann, Uwe; Edoff, Marika

    Modelling and Optimization of CIGS Modules

    p. 1922-1925 2007.

  • Johansson, E; Platzer-Björkman, C; Rensmo, H; Sandell, A et al.

    HIKE experiments at KMC-1: Studies of Solar Cell Materials

    Part of Berliner Elektronenspeicherring-Gesellschaft für Synchrotronstrahlung m.b.H. (BESSY) Annual Report (2006), 2007.

  • Coronel, Ernesto; Törndahl, Tobias; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Microstructural characterization of Zn1-XMgXO buffers layer in CIGS solar cells

    2007.

  • Powalla, Michael; Kessler, Friedrich; Hariskos, Dimitrios; Voorwinden, Georg et al.

    Highly productive manufacturing of CIS-based large-area modules

    2007.

  • Zabierowski, Pawel; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte

    Influence of metastabilities on the efficiency of CIGSe-based solar cells with CdS, Zn(O,S) and (Zn,Mg)O buffer layers

    Part of Proceedings of the 22nd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Milano, 2007 : 3BV.5.22, 2007.

  • Malm, Ulf; Edoff, Marika

    2-D device modelling and finite element simulations for thin-film solar cells

    2007.

  • Campa, Andrej; Cernivec, Gregor; Schleussner, Sebastian; Krc, Janez et al.

    Potential of optical improvements of the back contact in thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Proceedings of the 22nd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Milano, 2007 : 3CO.9.2, 2007.

  • Hultqvist, Adam; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Törndahl, Tobias; Ruth, Marta et al.

    Optimization of i-ZnO window layers for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells with ALD buffers

    2007.

  • Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Törndahl, Tobias; Hultqvist, Adam; Kessler, John et al.

    Optimization of ALD-(Zn,Mg)O buffer layers and (Zn,Mg)O/Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 interfaces for thin film solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 6024-6027, 2007.

  • Campa, A.; Krc, J.; Malmström, Jonas; Edoff, Marika et al.

    The potential of textured front ZnO and flat TCO/metal back contact to improve optical absorption in thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 5968-5972, 2007.

  • Igalson, M.; Cwil, M.; Edoff, Marika

    Metastabilities in the electrical characteristics of CIGS devices: Experimental results vs theoretical predictions

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 6142-6146, 2007.

  • Törndahl, Tobias; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Kessler, John; Edoff, Marika

    Atomic layer deposition of Zn1-xMgxO buffer layers for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics, p. 225-235, 2007.

  • Zimmermann, Uwe; Ruth, Marta; Edoff, Marika

    Cadmium-free CIGS mini-modules with ALD-grown Zn(O, S)-based buffer layers

    p. 1831-1834 2006.

    Open access
  • Malm, Ulf; Carlsson, Thomas; Edoff, Marika

    Stability in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells with EVA Encapsulation in Varying Damp Heat Conditions

    Part of Proceedings of the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden, p. 1990-1993, 2006.

  • Campa, Andrej; Krc, Janez; Malmström, Jonas; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Optical potential of TCO/metal back contact and of textured substrate in thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    p. 221-226 2006.

  • Westin, Per-Oskar; Neretnicks, Peter; Edoff, Marika

    Damp heat degradation of CIGS-based PV modules

    p. 2470-2473 2006.

  • Zabierowski, P; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Cwil, M

    Electrical characterization of CIGSe-based photovoltaic devices with Zn(O,S) and (Zn,Mg)O buffers

    p. 2006-2010 2006.

  • Malm, Ulf; Carlsson, T; Edoff, M

    Stability in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells with EVA encapsulation in varying damp heat conditions

    2006.

  • Böhnke, Tobias; Edoff, Marika; Stenmark, Lars

    Development of a MOEMS sun sensor for space applications

    Part of Sensors & Actuators A, p. 28-36, 2006.

  • Edoff, Marika; Malmberg, Lina; Malm, Ulf; Stolt, Lars

    Influence of CBD-deposited CdS on the carrier collection in CIGS-based solar cells

    2006.

  • Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Törndahl, Tobias; Abou-Ras, D.; Malmström, Jonas et al.

    Zn(O,S) buffer layers by atomic layer deposition in Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 based thin film solar cells: Band alignment and sulfur gradient

    Part of Journal of Applied Physics, p. 044506-, 2006.

  • Häggsalen, Ångströmslaboratoriet, Uppsala 2006-02-03 09:30

    Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte

    Band Alignment Between ZnO-Based and Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thin Films for High Efficiency Solar Cells

    Open access
  • Persson, Clas; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Malmström, Jonas; Törndahl, Tobias et al.

    Strong valence-band offset bowing of ZnO1-xSx enhances p-type nitrogen doping of ZnO-like alloys

    Part of Physical Review Letters, p. 146403-, 2006.

  • Törndahl, Tobias; Ottosson, Mikael; Carlsson, Jan-Otto

    Growth of Copper(I) Nitride by ALD Using Copper(II) Hexafluoroacetylacetonate, Water and Ammonia as Precursors

    Part of Journal of the Electrochemical Society, p. C146-C151, 2006.

    Open access
  • Malm, Ulf; Malmström, Jonas; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Stolt, Lars

    Determination of dominant recombination paths in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin-film solar cells with ALD-ZnO buffer layers

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 208-212, 2005.

  • Retterstol Olaisen, Birger; Woldegiorgis, Sara; Westin, Per-Oskar; Edoff, Marika et al.

    CIGS Mini-Modules with Screen-Printed Front Contacts

    Part of Technical Digest of the 15th International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference, Shanghai, China, 2005.

  • Ottosson, Mikael; Törndahl, Tobias; Carlsson, Jan-Otto

    In-situ quartz crystal microbalance investigation of atomic layer deposition of Cu3N

    Part of Electrochemical Society v. PV 2005-09 EUROCVD-15: Fifteenth European Conference on Chemical Vapor Deposition, p. 591-597, 2005.

  • Malm, Ulf; Stolt, Lars

    Long term stability in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar cells with different buffer materials

    Part of Conference proceedings: 20th EUPVSEC (European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference), Barcelona, Spain, June 2005, 2005.

  • Igalson, M; Cwil, M; Edoff, Marika

    Persistent Capture and Release of Electrons in CIGSe Solar Cells

    Part of Conf Proc of the 20th EUPVSEC (European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, 2005.

  • Törndahl, Tobias; Lu, Jun; Ottosson, Mikael; Carlsson, Jan-Otto

    Epitaxy of copper on α-Al2O3(0 0 1) by atomic layer deposition

    Part of Journal of Crystal Growth, p. 102-110, 2005.

  • Zabierowski, P; Edoff, Marika

    Laplace-DLTS analysis of the minority carrier traps in the Cu(In,Ga)Se2-based solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 301-306, 2005.

  • Schöldström, Jens; Kessler, John; Edoff, Marika

    Two-stage growth of smooth Cu(In,Ga)Se2 films using end-point detection

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 61-66, 2005.

  • Lundberg, Olle; Edoff, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    The effect of Ga-grading in CIGS thin film solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 520-525, 2005.

  • Igalson, M; Edoff, Marika

    Compensating donors in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 absorbers of solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 322-326, 2005.

  • Zimmermann, Uwe; Schöldström, Jens; Edoff, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    Thermodynamic Simulation of the Endpoint Characteristics in a CIGS Deposition Process

    Part of Nineteenth European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, p. 1932-1935, 2004.

    Open access
  • Igalson, M; Platzer Björkman, Charlotte

    The influence of buffer layer on the transient behaviour of thin film chalcopyrite devices

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 93-103, 2004.

  • Malmström, Jonas; Kessler, John; Edoff, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    Relation between composition and optical properties of CdS films grown by chemical bath deposition

    Part of Proceedings 19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference (WIP-Münich, Münich, Vol II, p. 1909-1912, 2004.

  • Malm, Ulf; Edoff, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    The Stability in Damp Heat Conditions of Thin-film CIGS Solar Cells with Different Absorber Thickness

    Part of 19th European Photovoltaic Energy Conference, 7-11 June, Paris, France, p. 1890-1893, 2004.

  • Edoff, Marika; Woldegiorgis, Sara; Neretnicks, Peter; Ruth, Marta et al.

    CIGS Submodules with High Performance and High Manufacturability

    Part of 19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Paris, 7-11 June, 2004.

  • Malmström, Jonas; Schleussner, Sebastian; Stolt, Lars

    Enhanced back reflectance and quantum efficiency in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cells with a ZrN back reflector

    Part of Applied Physics Letters, p. 2634-2636, 2004.

  • Törndahl, Tobias; Ottosson, Mikael; Carlsson, Jan-Otto

    Growth of copper metal by atomic layer deposition using copper(I) chloride, water and hydrogen as precursors

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 129-136, 2004.

  • Kessler, John; Chityuttakan, Chanwit; Lu, Jun; Schöldström, Jens et al.

    Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin films grown with a Cu-poor/rich/poor sequence: Growth model and structural considerations

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, p. 319-331, 2003.

  • Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Kessler, John; Stolt, Lars

    Analysis of Zn(O,S) films for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences Physics Matematics 52(3) pp 299-307 (2003), 2003.

  • Lundberg, Olle; Lu, Jun; Rockett, Angus; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Diffusion of indium and gallium in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cells

    Part of Journal of physics and chemistry of solids, p. 1499-1504, 2003.

  • Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Lu, Jun; Kessler, John; Stolt, Lars

    Interface study of CuInSe2/ZnO and Cu(In,Ga)Se2/ZnO devices using ALD ZnO buffer layers

    Part of Thin Solid FIlms, p. 321-325, 2003.

  • Bodegård, Marika; Lundberg, Olle; Lu, Jun; Stolt, Lars

    Re-crystallisation and interdiffusion in CGS/CIS bilayers

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 46-52, 2003.

  • Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Kessler, John; Stolt, Lars

    Atomic Layer Deposition of Zn(O,S) buffer layers for high efficiency Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Proceedings of the 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion, WCPEC-3, 1, Osaka, Japan, p. 461-464, 2003.

  • Lundberg, Olle; Edoff, Marika Edoff; Stolt, Lars

    Optimized growth conditions for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 layers by co-evaporation at high deposition rates

    Part of Material Research Conference, Spring 2003, San Francisco, USA, 2003.

  • Malmström, Jonas; Lundberg, Olle; Stolt, Lars

    Potential for light trapping in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Proceedings 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC-3 Organizing Committee, Osaka, 2003) Vol I, p. 344-347, 2003.

  • Kessler, John; Chityuttakan, C; Schöldström, Jens; Stolt, Lars

    Growth of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 films using a Cu-poor/rich/poor sequence: substrate temperature effects

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 1-5, 2003.

  • Igalson, M; Bodegård, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    Recombination centers in the Cu(In,Ga)Se2-based photovoltaic devices

    Part of J Phys Chem Solids, p. 2041-2045, 2003.

  • Malmström, Jonas; Wennerberg, Johan; Stolt, Lars

    A study of the influence of the Ga content on the long-term stability of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 436-442, 2003.

  • Lundberg, Olle; Bodegård, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    Rapid growth of thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 layers for solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 26-30, 2003.

  • Igalson, M; Bodegård, Marika; Stolt, Lars; Jasenek, A

    The ”defected layer” and the mechanism of the interface-related metastable behavior in the ZnO/CdS/Cu(In,Ga)Se2 devices

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 153-157, 2003.

  • Igalson, M; Bodegård, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    Reversible changes of the fill factor in the ZnO/CdS/Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, p. 195-207, 2003.

  • Kessler, John; Wennerberg, Johan; Bodegård, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    Highly efficient Cu(In,Ga)Se2 mini-modules

    Part of Solar energy Materials & Solar Cells, p. 35-46, 2003.

  • Lundberg, Olle; Bodegård, Marika; Malmström, Jonas; Stolt, Lars

    Influence of the Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thickness and Ga Grading on Solar Cell Performance

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics: Science and Applications, p. 77-88, 2003.

  • Wennerberg, Johan; Kessler, John; Stolt, Lars

    Cu(In,Ga)Se2-based thin-film photovoltaic modules optimized for long-term performance

    Part of Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, p. 47-55, 2003.

  • Johansson, Anders; Törndahl, Tobias; Ottosson, Mikael; Boman, Mats et al.

    Copper nanoparticles deposited inside the pores of anodized aluminium oxide using atomic layer deposition

    Part of Materials Science and Engineering, p. 823-826, 2003.

  • Lundberg, Olle; Lu, Jun; Rockett, Angus; Edoff, M et al.

    Diffusion of indium and gallium in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cells

    Part of Proceedings of the International Conference on Ternary and Multinary Compounds, Paris, France, October, 2002.

  • Malmström, Jonas; Wennerberg, Johan; Stolt, Lars

    A Study of the Influence of the Ga Content on the Long-Term Stability of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thin Film Solar Cells

    Part of Proc. E-MRS, June, Strasbourg, France, 2002.

  • Kessler, John; Chityuttakan, Chanwit; Schöldström, Jens; Stolt, Lars

    Growth of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Films Using a Cu-poor/rich/poor Sequence: Substrate Temperature Effects

    Part of Proc. E-MRS, June 2002, Strasbourg, France, 2002.

  • Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Lu, Jun; Kessler, John; Stolt, Lars

    Interface Study of CuInSe2/ZnO and Cu(In,Ga)Se2/ZnO Devices Using ALD ZnO Buffer Layers

    Part of Proceedings of the Fifth Baltic Symposium on Atomic Layer Deposition, Tarttu, Estonia, October, 2002.

  • Lundberg, Olle; Bodegård, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    Rapid Growth of Thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Layers for Solar Cells

    Part of Proc. E-MRS, June 2002, Strasbourg, France, 2002.

  • Platzer Björkman, Charlotte; Kessler, John; Stolt, Lars

    Study of Zn(O,S) films for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells using a coupled XPS/UPS-ALD

    Part of Proc. E-MRS, June 2002, Strasbourg, France, 2002.

  • Sterner, Jan; Kessler, John; Stolt, Lars

    XPS instrument coupled with ALCVD reactor for investigation of film growth

    Part of J Vac Sci Technol, p. 278-284, 2002.

  • Bodegård, Marika; Lundberg, Olle; Lu, Jun; Stolt, Lars

    Re-crystallisation and Interdiffusion in CGS/CIS Bilayers

    Part of Proc E-MRS, June, Strasbourg, France, 2002.

  • Sterner, Jan; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Stolt, Lars

    XPS/UPS monitoring of ALCVD ZnO growth on Cu(In,Ga)Se2 absorbers

    Part of Seventeenth European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, p. 1118-1121, 2002.

  • Wennerberg, Johan; Kessler, John; Hedström, J; Stolt, Lars et al.

    Thin film PV modules for low-concentrating systems

    Part of Solar Energy, p. 243-255, 2001.

  • Wennerberg, Johan; Kessler, John; Stolt, Lars

    Design of grided Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin-film PV modules

    Part of Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, p. 59-65, 2001.

  • Dullweber, T; Lundberg, Olle; Malmström, Jonas; Bodegård, Marika et al.

    Back surface bandgap gradings in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 11-13, 2001.

  • Kessler, John; Schöldström, Jens; Stolt, Lars

    Analysis of CIGS Films and Devices Resulting from Different Cu-rich to Cu-poor Transitions

    Part of Proc. 17th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Munich, Oct, 2001.

  • Malmström, Jonas; Wennerberg, Johan; Bodegård, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    Influence of Ga on the Current Transport in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thin Film Solar Cells

    Part of Proceedings 17th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference (WIP-Renewable Energies, Munich, 2001) Vol II, p. 1265-1268, 2001.

  • Keränen, J; Lu, Jun; Barnard, J; Sterner, Jan et al.

    Effect of Sulfurization on the Microstructure of Chalcopyrite Thin Film Absorbers

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 80-82, 2001.

  • Bodegård, Marika; Kessler, John; Lundberg, Olle; Schöldström, Jens et al.

    Growth of Coevaporated Cu(In,Ga)Se2 - The Influence of Rate Profiles on Film Morphology

    Part of Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 668, H2.2.1-H2.2.12, 2001.

  • Kessler, John; Bodegård, Marika; Hedström, J; Stolt, Lars

    Baseline Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Device Production: Control and Statistical Significance

    Part of Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, p. 67-76, 2001.

  • Lu, Jun; Bodegård, Marika; Granath, Karin; Kessler, John et al.

    The Influence of Na on the Microstructure of Cu(InxGa1-x)Se2 Based Solar Cell Thin Films

    Part of 52nd annual meeting of the Scandinavian Society for Electron Microscopy, Stockholm 12-15 June 2001,Book of Abstracts : Abstract No P87, p. 184-185, 2001.

  • Wennerberg, Johan; Kessler, John; Hedström, J; Stolt, Lars et al.

    CIGS thin film PV modules for low-concentrating systems

    Part of The EuroSun 2000, Copenhagen, June, 2000.

  • Wennerberg, Johan; Kessler, John; Stolt, Lars

    Degradation mechanisms of Cu(In,Ga)Se2-based thin film PV modules

    Part of The 16th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference in Glasgow, 1-5 May, p. 309-312, 2000.

  • Kessler, John; Lundberg, Olle; Wennerberg, Johan; Stolt, Lars

    Optimization of RF-sputtered ZnO/ZnO:Al for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 based devices

    Part of Proc 16th EPVSEC, Glasgow, May, p. 775-778, 2000.

  • Granath, Karin; Bodegard, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    The effect of NaF on Cu(In, Ga)Se-2 thin film solar cells

    Part of SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, p. 279-293, 2000.

  • Bodegård, Marika; Lundberg, Olle; Malmström, Jonas; Stolt, Lars et al.

    High voltage Cu(In,Ga)Se2 devices with Ga-profiling fabricated using co-evaporation

    Part of Proceedings of the 28th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, p. 430-433, 2000.

  • Dullweber, T; Lundberg, Olle; Malmström, Jonas; Bodegård, Marika et al.

    Back surface band gap gradings in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of E-MRS, Strasbourgh, May 30 - June 2, 2000.

  • Kessler, John; Bodegård, Marika; Hedström, J; Stolt, Lars

    New world record Cu(In,Ga)Se2 based minimodule: 16.6%

    Part of Sixteenth European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Glasgow, May 1-5, 2000.

  • Kessler, John; Bodegård, Marika; Hedström, J; Stolt, Lars

    Cu(In,Ga)Se2 devices: From cells to minimodules

    Part of E-MRS, Strasbourgh, May 30 – June 2, 2000.

  • Sterner, Jan; Matthes, Th W; Kessler, John; Lu, Jun et al.

    Sulfurization of thin film solar cell absorbers

    Part of Sixteent h European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Glasgow, May 1-5, p. 771-774, 2000.

  • Stolt, Lars

    Cu(In,Ga)Se2 fabricated by coevaporation

    Part of European Research Conference on Photovoltaic Devices, Berlin – Teltow, Germany, March 31 – April 5, Invited, 2000.

  • Lundberg, Olle; Bodegård, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    High efficiency thin film solar cells with low In content due to thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 and Ga grading

    Part of Sixteenth European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Glasgow, May 1-5, 2000.

  • Bodegård, Marika; Granath, Karin; Stolt, Lars

    Growth of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin films by coevaporation using alkaline precursors

    Part of Thin Solid Films, p. 9-16, 2000.

  • Wennerberg, Johan; Kessler, John; Stolt, Lars

    Design of Grided Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thin Film PV Modules

    Part of 11th International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference, Sapporo, Japan, September 20-24, 1999.

  • Bodegard, Marika; Granath, Karin; Stolt, Lars; Rockett, Angus

    The behaviour of Na implanted into Mo thin films during annealing

    Part of SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, p. 199-208, 1999.

  • Medvedkin, G A; Stolt, Lars; Wennerberg, Johan

    Optoelectronic images of polycrystalline thin-film solar cells based on CuInSe2 and CuInGaSe2 obtained by laser scanning

    Part of SEMICONDUCTORS, p. 1037-1039, 1999.

  • Bodegård, Marika; Granath, Karin; Stolt, Lars

    Growth of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin films by coevaporation using alkaline precursos

    Part of E-MRS Spring Meeting, Strasbourg, France, June 1-4, 1999, 1999.

  • Kessler, John; Bodegård, Marika; Hedström, J; Stolt, Lars

    Baseline Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Device Production: Control and Statistical Significance

    Part of 11th International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference, Sapporo, Japan, September 20-24, 1999.

  • Sterner, Jan; Kessler, John; Bodegård, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    Atomic layer epitaxy growth of ZnO buffer layers in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Part of Proc 2nd World Conf on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Wien July, p. 1145-1148, 1998.

  • Wennerberg, Johan; Kessler, John; Bodegård, Marika; Stolt, Lars

    Damp Heat Testing of High Performance CIGS Thin Film Solar Cells

    Part of Proc 2nd World Conf on Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion, p. 1164-1164, 1998.

  • Medvedkin, G A; Stolt, Lars; Wennerberg, Johan

    Optoelectronic image of polycrystalline thin film solar cells based on CuInSe2 and CuInGaSe2 by the laser beam scan

    Part of Intern. Conf. "Physics at the Turn of the 21st Century",St Petersburg, Russia, Sept. 28- Oct. 2, Summaries C20p, p. 98-, 1998.

  • Granath, Karin; Stolt, Lars; Bodegård, Marika; Rockett, Angus et al.

    Sodium in Sputtered Mo Back Contacts for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Devices: Incorporation, Diffusion and Relationship to Oxygen

    Part of The 14th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conf. 1278, Barcelona Spain, 1997.

  • Scheer, R; Wilhelm, M; Stolt, Lars

    Temperature dependent electron beam induced current experiments on chalcopyrite thin film solar cells

    Part of APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, p. 1011-1013, 1997.

  • Scheer, R; Wilhelm, M; Lewerenz, HJ; Schock, HW et al.

    Determination of charge carrier collecting regions in chalcopyrite heterojunction solar cells by electron-beam-induced current measurements

    Part of SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, p. 299-309, 1997.

  • Igalson, M; Stolt, Lars

    DLTS spectra of thin film photovoltaic devices based on Cu(In,Ga)2

    Part of The 14th European Photovoltaic Conf. 2153, 1997.

  • Scheer, R; Wilhelm, M; Nadenau, V; Schock, H W et al.

    Collection functions in chalcopyrite heterojunction solar cells: A comparison of Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)2 absorbers

    Part of The 14th European Photovoltaic Conf. 1299, 1997.

  • Rockett, Angus; Bodegård, Marika; Granath, Karin; Stolt, Lars

    Na incorporation and diffusion in CuIn1-xGaxSe2

    Part of Proceedings of the 25th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Washington DC, USA, (IEEE, Piscataway), p. 985-, 1996.

  • Niemi, Esko; Hedström, Jonas; Martinsson, Torbjörn; Granath, Karin et al.

    Small- and large-area CIGS modules by coevaporation

    Part of Proceedings of the 25th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Washington DC, USA, p. 801-, 1996.

  • Stolt, Lars; Bodegård, Marika

    Na in CIGS thin films

    Part of The 10 Sunshine Workshop on Thin Film Solar Cells, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan, Nov 8-9, 1996.

  • Stolt, Lars

    CIGS Thin Film Solar Cells by the Coevaporation Method

    Part of The 9th International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference, Miyazaki, Japan, Nov 11-15, 1996.

  • Kylner, Angela; Lindgren, J; Stolt, Lars

    Impurities in chemical bath deposited CdS films for Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 solar cells and their stability

    Part of JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, p. 2662-2669, 1996.

  • Kylner, Angela; Rockett, Angus; Stolt, Lars

    Oxygen in Solution Grown Cds Films for Thin Film Solar Cells

    Part of Solid State Phenomena, p. 533-540, 1996.

  • Stolt, Lars; Granath, Karin; Niemi, Esko; Bodegård, Marika et al.

    Thin film solar cell modules based on Cu(In,Ga)Se2 prepared by the coevaporation method

    Part of Proceedings of the 13th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Nice, France, p. 1451-, 1995.

  • Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Larsson, Fredrik; Törndahl, Tobias; Stolt, Lars et al.

    Surface Modification And Secondary Phase Formation From a High Dose KF-Post Deposition Treatment of (Ag,Cu)(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cell Absorbers

  • Donzel-Gargand, Olivier; Larsson, Fredrik; Törndahl, Tobias; Stolt, Lars et al.

    Surface Modification And Secondary Phase Formation From a High Dose KF-Post Deposition Treatment of (Ag,Cu)(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cell Absorbers

    Part of Progress in Photovoltaics

  • Apell, S. P.; Hanson, G. W.; Hägglund, Carl

    High optical absorption in graphene

    Open access
  • Hultqvist, Adam; Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte; Zimmermann, Uwe; Edoff, Marika et al.

    Growth kinetics, properties, performance and stability of ALD Zn-Sn-O buffer layers for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

  • Törndahl, Tobias; Lu, Jun; Ottosson, Mikael; Carlsson, Jan-Otto

    Epitaxy of copper on α-Al2O3(001) by atomic layer deposition